Finding yourself confused by the seemingly endless promotion of weight-loss strategies and diet programs? In this series, we take a look at some popular dietsand assess the research behind them. What is it? The ketone bodies is actually a low-carbohydrate, fat-rich eating plan that has been used for centuries to deal with specific health conditions. Within the nineteenth century, the ketogenic diet was commonly used to help control diabetes. In 1920 it was introduced as an effective treatment for epilepsy in youngsters in whom medication was ineffective. The ketogenic diet has been tested and used in closely monitored settings for cancer, diabetes, polycystic ovary syndrome, and Alzheimers disease.
However, the dietary plan is gaining considerable attention being a potential weight-loss strategy due to the low-carb diet craze, which began in the 1970s using the Atkins diet (a very low-carbohydrate, high-protein diet, which was a professional success and popularized low-carb diets to an alternative level). Today, other low-carb diets like the Paleo, South Beach, and Dukan diets are all loaded with protein but moderate in fat. On the other hand, the ketogenic diet is distinctive because of its exceptionally high-fat content, typically 70% to 80%, though with only a moderate consumption of protein.
The premise from the ketogenic diet for weight loss is that if you deprive the body of glucosethe main way to obtain energy for all cells in your body, which is obtained by consuming carbohydrate foodsan alternative fuel called ketones is produced from stored fat (thus, the term keto-genic). The mind demands probably the most glucose in a steady supply, about 120 grams daily, since it cannot store glucose. During fasting, or when hardly any carbohydrate is eaten, your body first pulls stored glucose through the liver and temporarily breaks down muscle to release glucose. If this type of continues for 3-4 days and stored glucose is fully depleted, blood levels of a hormone called insulin decrease, and the entire body starts to use fat as the primary fuel. The liver produces ketone bodies from fat, which is often used in the lack of glucose. 
When ketone bodies accumulate in the blood, this is called ketosis. Healthy individuals naturally experience mild ketosis during periods of fasting (e.g., sleeping overnight) and incredibly strenuous exercise. Proponents of the keto benefits state that if the weight loss program is carefully followed, blood degrees of ketones should never reach a harmful level (referred to as ketoacidosis) as the brain uses ketones for fuel, and healthy individuals will typically produce enough insulin to stop excessive ketones from forming.  How soon ketosis happens and the amount of ketone bodies that accumulate in the blood is variable individually for each person and depends upon factors including body fat percentage and resting metabolic rate. 
What exactly is ketoacidosis? Excessive ketone bodies can produce a dangerously toxic degree of acid within the blood, called ketoacidosis. During ketoacidosis, the kidneys start to excrete ketone bodies along with body water in the urine, causing some fluid-related weight reduction. Ketoacidosis most often occurs in people with type 1 diabetes because they do not produce insulin, a uwrqor that prevents the overproduction of ketones. However in a few rare cases, ketoacidosis continues to be reported to occur in nondiabetic individuals following a prolonged really low carbohydrate diet. [4,5]
There is not one standard ketogenic diet using a specific ratio of macronutrients (carbohydrates, protein, fat). The ketogenic diet typically reduces total carbohydrate intake to lower than 50 grams a dayless than the amount found in a medium plain bageland could be as low as 20 grams a day. Generally, popular ketogenic resources suggest an average of 70-80% fat from total daily calories, 5-10% carbohydrate, and 10-20% protein. For any 2000-calorie diet, this results in about 165 grams fat, 40 grams carbohydrate, and 75 grams protein. The protein amount on the ketogenic diet is kept moderate in comparison with other low-carb high-protein diets, because eating too much protein can prevent ketosis. The amino acids in protein could be transformed into glucose, so ketogenic lifestyle specifies enough protein to preserve lean body weight including muscle, but that can still cause ketosis.
Many versions of ketogenic diets exist, but all ban carb-rich foods. Many of these foods may be obvious: starches from both refined and whole grains like breads, cereals, pasta, rice, and cookies; potatoes, corn, and other starchy vegetables; and fruit juices. Some that will not be so obvious are beans, legumes, and most fruits. Most ketogenic plans allow foods high in saturated fat, such as fatty cuts of meat, processed meats, lard, and butter, in addition to causes of unsaturated fats, like nuts, seeds, avocados, plant oils, and oily fish. Depending on your way to obtain information, ketogenic food lists can vary and even conflict.