Otolaryngology (pronounced oh/toe/lair/in/goll/oh/jee) may be the oldest medical specialty in the states. Otolaryngologists are physicians trained inside the medical and surgical management and management of patients with diseases and disorders of the ear, nose, throat (ENT), and related structures in the head and neck. They may be known as ENT physicians.
Otolaryngologists diagnose and manage diseases of your ears, nose, sinuses, larynx (voice box), mouth, and throat, in addition to structures of your neck and face.
Hearing loss affects one out of ten North Americans. The unique domain of otolaryngologists is the treating of ear disorders. They are trained in both the medical and surgical treatment of hearing problems, ear infections, balance disorders, ear noise (tinnitus), plus some cranial nerve disorders. Otolaryngologists also manage congenital (birth) disorders in the outer and inner ear.
About 35 million people develop chronic sinusitis each and every year, making it probably the most common health complaints in America. Proper care of the nasal cavity and sinuses is amongst the primary skills of los angeles otolaryngology. Problems from the nasal area include allergies, smell disorders, polyps, and nasal obstruction because of a deviated septum.
Communicating (speech and singing) and eating food all involve this vital area. Specific to otolaryngologists is knowledge of managing diseases from the throat, larynx (voice box), as well as the upper aero-intestinal tract or esophagus, including voice and swallowing disorders.
Your head and neck?
This portion of the body includes the most important functions of sight, smell, hearing, and the look of the facial area. In the head and neck area, otolaryngologists are educated to treat infections, benign (non-cancerous) and malignant (cancerous) tumors, facial trauma, and deformities in the face. They perform both cosmetic plastic and reconstructive surgery.
Otolaryngologists are willing to start practicing after completing as much as 15 years of college and post-graduate training. To be eligible for certification from the American Board of Otolaryngology, an applicant must first complete college (four years), medical school (4 years), as well as at least five-years of specialty training. Next, the physician must pass the American Board of Otolaryngology examination. Furthermore, some otolaryngologists pursue a 1- or two- year fellowship for further extensive learning among eight subspecialty areas.
These subspecialty areas are allergy, facial plastic and reconstructive surgery, head and neck, laryngology (throat), otology/neurotology (ears, balance, and tinnitus), pediatric otolaryngology (children), rhinology (nose), and sleep disorders. Some otolaryngologists limit their practices to one of these brilliant eight areas.
Exactly what are the seven parts of expertise in otolaryngology?
Allergy: treatment by medication, immunotherapy (allergy shots) and/or avoidance of pollen, dust, mold, food, and other sensitivities that affect the ear, nose, and throat.
Treating: hay fever, seasonal and perennial rhinitis, chronic sinusitis, laryngitis, a sore throat, otitis media, dizziness
Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery: cosmetic, functional, and reconstructive surgical treatment of abnormalities of the neck and face and ear.
Treating: deviated septum, rhinoplasty (nose), facelift, cleft palate, drooping eyelids, hair thinning along with other ear deformities.
Head and Neck: cancerous and noncancerous tumors from the head and neck (nose/sinuses, mouth, throat, voice box and upper esophagus), for example the thyroid and parathyroid.
Treating: lump within the neck or thyroid, cancer from the voice box.
Laryngology: disorders of the throat, including voice and swallowing problems.
Treating: a sore throat, hoarseness, swallowing disorder, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), infections and tumors.
Otology/Neurotology: diseases in the ear, including trauma (injury), infection, benign tumors, and nerve pathway disorders, which affect hearing and balance.
Treating: ear infection; swimmer?s ear; hearing problems; ear, face, or neck pain; dizziness, ringing inside the ears (tinnitus).
Pediatric Otolaryngology: diseases in children with special ENT problems including birth defects of the head and neck and developmental delays.
Treating: ear infection (otitis media), tonsil and adenoid infection, airway problems, asthma and allergy/sinus disease, neck tumors.
Rhinology: disorders of your nose and sinuses.
Treating: sinus disorder, nose bleed, stuffy nose, reduction in smell, polyps, tumors.
These specialists change from many physicians in that they are trained within both medicine and surgery. Otolaryngologists do not need to refer patients to many other physicians when ear, nose, throat, or head/neck surgery is needed and, therefore, may offer the best take care of every person patient. Otolaryngologists are the best physicians to deal with disorders of your ears, nose, throat, and related structures in the head and neck.